Suicide is the second-leading cause of death among teenagers in the United States. The data from the Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance System YRBSS provide valuable insight into adolescent suicide trends ; these data show that, overall, the percentage of high school students who report seriously considering suicide has increased since Importantly, this measure shows the same trajectory as the suicide rate, with the most significant increases for both occurring among female high-school students. This blog post explores the trends in self-reported serious consideration of suicide and suicide rates, from to , overall, by race and ethnicity, and by gender. In ,
A year-old Asian-American girl who was enrolled in high school and lived with her parents and two older sisters attempted suicide by ingesting 25 tablets of acetaminophen each of which were mg. The patient reported that her stress was triggered by an argument with her mother regarding the patient smoking cigarettes. After medical stabilization, the patient was transferred to our child and adolescent psychiatry unit. This suicide attempt came after a long-standing conflict with her parents regarding her poor performance in school, which the patient attributed to depressed mood with decreased sleep and irritability. The patient began self-medicating with cannabis and alcohol, which eased her inhibitions about committing suicide and resulted in suicidal ideation with a plan to hang herself which was prevented by her mother and a suicidal gesture in which she cut her left wrist with a knife an injury she hid from her mother and did not receive any medical care. The patient reported a history of extreme anxiety that she attributed to the stress caused by her family's expectations for high academic achievement, which resulted in alleged physical and emotional abuse by her parents due to inability of the patient to meet those expectations. This resulted in maladaptive coping skills with self-injurious behavior such as repeated attempts at cutting her wrists and burning herself with cigarettes to relieve her anxiety.
This study examines the correlates of suicidal ideation, suicide plan and suicide attempt among Asian Americans focusing on nativity and gender. Weighted logistic regression analyses reveal that US-born women have a higher percentage than other groups who have suicidal ideation, suicidal plans and attempts at suicide. In multivariate analyses controlling for socio-demographic differences such as ethnicity, marital status and income, differences in suicidal behaviors are found only between US-born women and US-born men.
Although Asian-Americans as a group have lower rates of thinking about and attempting suicide than the national average, U. The study shows The finding comes in a study published in the current issue of the journal Archives of Suicide Research.