FGM - sometimes called female circumcision - involves the partial or total removal of the external female genitalia for no medical reason, and results in severe physical and mental health consequences for girls and women. According to Mr. In cultures that condone FGM, it is usually performed by a traditional practitioner with crude instruments and without anesthetic. About 80 per cent of women and girls who have undergone the procedure have had their clitoris and labia minora removed. Complications include severe pain, hemorrhaging, sepsis, urethra damage, painful sexual intercourse and other sexual dysfunction.
Female genital mutilation involves the removal of the clitoris, inner-and-outer lips of the vagina, and the sewing or stapling together of the two sides of the vulva leaving only a small hole to pass urine and menstruate — depending on the type. Typically FGM is performed with a razor blade on girls between the ages of four and 12, traditionally without anaesthetic. There is no way that would be deemed acceptable," says Taina Bien Aime, director of the Coalition Against Trafficking in Women , who adds that comparisons between male and female circumcision are unhelpful. FGM can lead to severe bleeding, pain, complete loss of sensitivity, complications during childbirth, infertility, severe pain during sex, recurring infections and urine retention.
At least million girls and women alive today have undergone a form of female genital mutilation FGM. If current trends continue, 15 million additional girls between ages 15 and 19 will be subjected to it by Female genital mutilation, also known as female circumcision, excision or genital cutting, comprises all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia, or other injuries to the genital organs for non-medical reasons, mostly carried out between infancy and age